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To understand and profit from this lesson, it is essential that you read carefully Hebrews 10:23-32.

Having begun the Christian life, there is nothing more vital or important to the continuation of that spiritual existence, than that we be faithful to God. The inspired writer of Hebrews first exhorts us to “hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering” (10:23). To help us know what he is saying to us and apply it to our lives in these modern times, let us read this language of the New Testament in speech such as we use: “Let us, without ever wavering, keep on holding to the hope that we profess” (Williams). The New English Bible renders this verse: “Let us be firm and unswerving in the confession of our hope.”

The phrase “let us hold fast” literally means “to hold in a firm grasp, to have in full and secure possession, the confession and the promises which we have openly and solemnly avowed to God.” In the process of our becoming Christians, we confessed that we believed in our hearts that Jesus Christ is the Son of the Living God. We were baptized into Him and arose to walk in newness of life (Romans 6:3-4). The apostle admonishes us to be steady, firm, unmoved and unwavering in our faithfulness to this great acknowledgment and all that it implies.

The tragedy in the church today in this country (as well as in other countries) is that many have begun the Christian life filled with enthusiasm, love and resolution; but they have not “held fast.” Their interest has waned from those first days; their goal has become clouded and obscure; their values undergo change and assume a twisted and distorted shape and their vision reverts to the attractions of this world. Though there is no way to estimate accurately how many Christians there are who are not really faithful in their private and public duty to the Lord, it is likely a conservative guess that fully one half of those who have been “baptized in Christ” are not now “holding fast.”

Paul discussed this same problem and used a similar admonition to the Colossians: “If indeed you continue in the faith, grounded and steadfast, and are not moved away from the hope of the gospel which you heard …” (Colossians 1:23). This says to us that a Christian must remain true and steadfast, firm and immovable in the faith


He must have “staying power.” He must persevere, never abandoning his duty and never allowing himself to be shifted away from the gospel.

Luke continues to show how tremendously important it is for the Christian to be faithful in his service to God by relating the example of those very first disciples who were baptized on Pentecost. “And they continued steadfastly in the apostles' doctrine and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and in prayers” (Acts 2:42).

It can help one immeasurably, individually, as a child of God, and the cause of Christ, generally, if he will take heed to this divinely approved example, God intended for it to serve as a standard after which to pattern our own conduct.,

“And they continued steadfastly. …” The sense and significance of this is: “To persist in adherence to a thing; to be intently engaged in; to attend constantly; unremitting continuance to a thing; to be devoted to” (Thayer). In this we have the secret, the answer, to our strength and growth.

The Twentieth Century New Testament translates this verse; “They were regularly present.” Weymouth renders it, “And they were constant in attendance.” The New English Bible presents, “They met constantly.”

Churches in this country are weak because there is not this sense of loyalty and constancy among the members. Congregations are small because they have lacked devotion and steadfastness in worship and service to God.

Christians Ought to be Faithful

There are two very obvious reasons that come to view, when Christians read the New Testament, why they should be faithful to God. First, it is necessary to our salvation. I should like to make this clear that it will be perfectly understood by all who read this with an open heart.

Our faithfulness to God in worship, with other Christians to honor Christ, constitutes the absolute essence, the fundamental nature, of our religion.

If we are not faithful, our religion is make-believe and hollow mockery. Much preaching is done by us about faithfulness, but where is the practice? Jesus said: “… Be faithful until death, and I will give you the crown of life” (Revelation 2:10). When he drew a picture of the judgment in Matthew 25, the blessings of eternal life were dispensed to the faithful—to those who were reliable, dependable, and trustworthy. They had proved through


life that they were sound and faithful servants of Christ. “His lord said to him, 'Well done, good and faithful servant; you were faithful over a few things, I will make you ruler over many things. Enter into the joy of your lord' ” (Matthew 25:21).

In the second place, Christians ought to be faithful because God has been faithful to them. Our text says, “Let us hold fast the confession of our hope without wavering, for He who promised is faithful” (Hebrews 10:23). We can be sure that He will not fail us, as so many of us have failed Him. There is no question but that He will do what He says. “God is faithful, by whom you were called into the fellowship of His Son, Jesus Christ our Lord” (I Corinthians 1:9).

God is utterly dependable and entirely trustworthy. Are we? “He who calls you is faithful …” (I Thessalonians 5:24). He will not fail you, but He will keep His promise, fulfill His vow, and complete His work. Out of gratitude for what He has done for us and His faithfulness to us, we should be faithful to Him.

Do Not Forsake the Assembly

The Authorized, or King James Translation, of Hebrews 10:25 reads: “Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together. …” This is clear enough for all to see. There is no blur nor dimness in this language, but the original speech of the New Testament, and more modern translations, make the truth of this passage easier understood, more sharply defined and more unmistakably distinct.

Knox: “Not abandoning our common assembly.” Berkeley: “Not neglecting our own church meeting.” New English Bible: “Not staying away from our meetings.” Phillips: “And let us not hold aloof from our church meetings.”

The language of the inspired writer of Hebrews is even more positive. Mr. Thayer says this is “a gathering together in one place, the religious assembly of Christians; and that we are not to abandon or desert it.” With this, many other scholars agree, such as Arndt & Gringrich, Abbot-Smith, and W. E. Vine. Arndt & Gringrich and Vine add the thought: “do not leave behind.” James Moffatt, reputable scholar, translator, and historian, says that there were a number of reasons why, in that day, many Christians were absent from the assemblies of the saints.


1. Some were deterred in their attendance by fear of persecution. There are yet some places in the world where it is dangerous for Christians to meet together to worship God. Some of God's people were so strong in that day that they met in caves and dens of the earth to observe the suffering and death of Christ by eating the Lord's Supper. Even when they were discovered by opposing heathen authorities they would still partake of the bread and fruit of the vine in the knowledge that the soldier's bow was drawn to send an arrow through their heart. O, that we had Christians with this conviction in our time.

2. Moffatt says some were absent because they felt no interest in it. Christ died for them, rescued them from the bondage of sin, gave them the Lord's Supper, and commanded them to observe it each week to keep alive in their hearts the memory of His suffering and death on their behalf, but they felt no interest in it. This describes the attitude and temper of so many members of the church in the twentieth century. They forsake the assembling of themselves together because they could care less. I frequently make inquiry about the absence of a well-known member of the congregation only to be told that he (or she) stayed home, or was having company, or had gone visiting. To miss the memorial of the death of Christ does not seem to give them any concern at all—not even the slightest twinge of conscience.

3. The historian said that many had doubts about the necessity of these regular Christian assemblies. Two thousand years have passed, and people are still arguing about the necessity of faithfulness, trying to excuse their disinterest and misconduct, but it is very poor defense in the face of the divine mandate of God. “Do not forsake your coming together. …”

4. Another reason why some Christians defected from God's service and absented themselves from worship was that they were engaged in business. Times have not really changed. Some are too busy today to meet regularly with the brethren to worship and praise God and to remember the sacrifice of His Son. Frequently, I drive many miles to meet with my brethren in various congregations over the country. This is a great pleasure to meet and to worship with others of “like precious faith.” Often some of those brothers and sisters I have met on former occasions are absent from the Lord's service. Questions of


concern are asked about them. It is possible that illness could have kept them from worship, and sometimes this is the case. But disappointment and depression fill my heart when I learn that some “good sister” did not come to worship this Lord's Day morning because she is preparing Sunday dinner, and some “good brother” is engaged in the pursuit of his business. Is this faithfulness? Is this true Christianity?

With such people, Christianity is a sideline; they are simply playing at the highest and noblest calling in the world, somewhat like children “play church.” They remind me of the people on the occasion when Jesus came to the ruler's house to raise his daughter from the dead. “He said to them … the girl is not dead, but sleeping. And they ridiculed Him” (Matthew 9:24). I believe that a Christian who forsakes the assembly to prepare food for family or friends or to attend to his personal business is “ridiculing Jesus!” I think it is the equivalent of chuckling (smiling) at His death, ridiculing His sacrifice and showing disrespect for the very purpose of His coming into the world.

What Sin in Forsaking

Is one guilty if he deliberately stays away from the house of God, and does not, with other Christians, commemorate the suffering and death of Christ by eating the Lord's Supper? The Hebrew writer names three grievous, deplorable sins of which a Christian becomes guilty when he forsakes the assembly.

“Of how much worse punishment, do you suppose, will he be thought worthy who has trampled the Son of God underfoot …” (Hebrews 10:29). In ancient times when an enemy was defeated, the victor would literally trample him underfoot. He would step roughly and tread triumphantly upon him. To the multitudes, this was a kind of game, and they shouted their approval and took pleasure in the success of their army over the adversary. Jesus used this word “trample” in Matthew 7:6, “… nor cast your pearls before swine, lest they trample them under their feet, and then turn and tear you in pieces.” When one intentionally and purposely forsakes the assembly of the saints “whether to prepare food, visit friends, or attend to business,” he has done to Christ what the hogs do to precious pearls when they trample them in the muck and mire and filth of the hog pen. Do you believe you can do this to Christ and escape the displeasure and punishment of God?


He is guilty of counting “… the blood of the covenant by which he was sanctified a common thing” (Hebrews 10:29). This term denotes “violation.” He has violated the blood of the covenant. He has abused and treated with irreverence the blood Jesus shed on the cross. You see, the Christian is supposed to drink the memorial of His blood upon the first day of every week (Acts 20:7; I Corinthians 10:16; 11:25-26. If he neglects to do this, he has debased and vulgarized and made common, cheap and ordinary the blood of Jesus Christ shed for his sins. I am afraid that too many Christians have not considered the seriousness of their sin of carelessness and indifference. It is fraught with fearful and eternal consequences.

He has “… insulted the Spirit of grace” (Hebrews 10:29). When a child of God deserts these meetings, the Hebrew writer uses a word which means that the guilty person has “insulted” God. He has had contempt and reproach and disdain for the grace which procures his salvation. It is not possible for one to deliberately commit these sins against Christ and escape damnation. His only hope is in genuine repentance and turning back to God before it is too late.

What Will Happen to those Who
Forsake the Assembly?

The text of our lesson lists the terrible consequences of those who are guilty of willfully sinning in this way.

1. “… there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins” (Hebrews 10:26). There is no further sacrifice left to be offered for our sins. This inspired man seems to be saying that when we abandon the meetings of the congregation (that is, the worship of God in memory of Christ's death for us) that this is the same thing as rejecting the only sacrifice we have. There is no other.

The deserter has nothing to look forward to “but a certain fearful expectation of judgment, ands fiery indignation which will devour the adversaries” (Hebrews 10:27). It is no light matter, therefore, that we keep ourselves away from the gathering of the saints and the worship that not only honors Christ, but keeps alive in the heart of the Christian the gift of God's love to us. This is the source of our strength and hope, and God will not tolerate our slackness in this duty. To be remiss in this obligation, to omit with carelessness the perfor-


mance of this pleasant task, is to invite disaster. God will bring into judgment those who are guilty of such irresponsible and negligent conduct.

3. A more severe punishment shall be received by one who defects from the assembly than those who transgressed Moses' Law and died without mercy. It is difficult for us to imagine, in the times in which we live, a man being shown no mercy. In the Western and democratic countries of the world, the tendency today is to ignore sin, to treat those indulgently who are guilty of crime and violence, and to excuse the action of the criminal on the ground of environment or heredity. God never looked at sin in this way. While He is a God of love and mercy, of compassion and condescension, let us not lose sight of the fact that He is a God of justice, also. The violators of God's Law under consideration in the lesson of Hebrews, chapter 10, will receive a “sorer” punishment than those who were found guilty of infraction of the Law of Moses and were dragged outside the camp and stoned to death.

4. He calls upon the disobedient to remember that “vengeance is Mind” and that God “… will judge His people” (Hebrews 10:30). There is the human inclination to count our own failures as unimportant, not serious enough for God to take note of them. There is also the inclination that in the passing of time, God will forget our transgressions. But our lesson teaches that God does not forget, that our sin of neglect and indifference will be remembered in the judgment (unless they are forgiven by our repentance and reformed life), and that He will pay back in like kind.

“It is a fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God” (Hebrews 10:31). This verse has a very strong import. The sense of it is: “It is a dreadful, terrifying and awful experience to fall into the hands of the living God, and incur the divine penalties for disobedience.” It is not very pleasant to contemplate the results, the outgrowth, of one's neglect.

What Should Be Done to those Who
Forsake the Assembly?

Paul issues a strong charge, a command, with reference to those who shirk their duty: “But we command you, brethren, in the


name of our Lord Jesus Christ, that you withdraw from every brother who walks disorderly …” (II Thessalonians 3:6). This is not an action left to our choice, the performance of which we may or may not do. This is an order from the mouth of an apostle. An order to do what? To withdraw from a brother who is neglectful of his duty, one who is irregular (Thayer). Bullinger says that the word “disorderly” means, “not in one's place; hence neglectful of duties.” Arndt & Gingrich say that Paul speaks of “irregular religious services.” There are many people who claim to be Christians and who would feel insulted if you inferred they were not Christians, who are described in the words of these scholars. If those Christians (?) who are neglectful of their duties, who are irregular in worship to God, and who are not in their place, were withdrawn from, as Paul commands, many people in this country would be affected. Such correction needs to take place without delay. If the church would exercise discipline upon those who “walk disorderly,” as the Lord directs it to do, there would be greater spirituality among its members, more respect for it in the eyes of the world, a deeper devotion and purity within its ranks, and a more widespread influence that would guarantee its strength and growth.

An Example to Imitate

James A. Garfield was President of the United States of America, taking office March 4, 1881. On his first Sunday in Washington after his inauguration, a member of the cabinet insisted that a meeting must be called to discuss a matter that threatened a national crisis. The President refused on the grounds of another appointment. The cabinet member then insisted that the national matter was of grave importance, and that Mr. Garfield should break his engagement, but Mr. Garfield refused to do so. Then the cabinet member remarked: “I would be interested to know with whom you have an engagement so important it cannot be broken.” President Garfield replied: “I will be as frank as you are. My engagement is with the Lord, to meet Him at His house at His table at 10:00 tomorrow morning, and I shall be there.”

May God help us to be so dedicated to Him!



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